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Finding Aid to the AAAS Cultural Factors in Population Programs Records


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Overview of the Collection

Scope and Contents

Restrictions

Related Material

Administrative Information

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I: Cultural Factors in Population Programs, 1973-1977

Series II: Ethnography of Reproduction, 1974-1979

Series III: Other projects, 1976-1979

Series IV: Institutions and background materials, 1973-1985


Overview of the Collection

Repository: American Association for the Advancement of Science Archives, 1200 New York Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20005, archives@aaas.org
Creator: AAAS Office of International Science
Title: Records of the AAAS Project on Cultural Factors in Population Programs
Dates: 1973-1979
Extent: 16 linear feet (6 Hollinger boxes and 11 Paige boxes)
Abstract: In 1973, the Office of Population of the U.S. Agency for International Development contracted with the newly formed AAAS Office of International Science to undertake a project on Cultural Factors in Population Programs. Anthropologist Ward Goodenough, University of Pennsylvania, chaired the CFPP advisory committee. Economist Irene Tinker, head of the AAAS OIS and an expert in the area of women and international development, directed CFPP's focus on integrating the anthropological community's experience with population studies into activities surrounding the 1974 U. N. World Population Conference in Bucharest, Romania. The CFPP project formally ended in 1977, but OIS staff continued to address population issues with an ethnography of reproduction project, studies of the ecological and socio-economic profiles of the rural poor in Kenya and Tanzania, symposia at AAAS annual meetings, and exploration of human settlement and energy needs as they affect population demographics and fertility patterns. The activities and outgrowth of CFPP were precursors to the AAAS OIS Population, Resources, and Environment Program.
Identification:
Language: The records are in English.

Scope and Contents

Records include correspondence, reports, manuscripts, articles, notes, and audio tapes. Series I records document efforts by OIS staff under the CFPP project, funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development, that led up to the World Population Conference sponsored by the United Nations, held in Bucharest, Romania from August 19-30, 1974. As a preparatory activity, OIS staff collaborated with the Smithsonian Institution and the Population Commission of the International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences on a seminar. OIS staff interviewed 109 scholars of population, cultural change, and comparative development and produced a report Culture and Population Change, published in 1974, that summarizes theories used to explain variations in fertility among different cultures and subcultures. OIS distributed the report to the U.S. delegation at the World Population Conference and held a seminar on the interaction between culture and population in thirteen countries. Staff also arranged a compendium of articles from Science magazine entitled, Population: Dynamics, Ethics and Policy (AAAS, 1975). Another part of the formal CFPP project involved working with the Research Institute for the Study of Man, under the direction of Vera Rubin, in conducting seven Technical Support Projects in Colombia, Jamaica, Korea, the Philippines (three projects), and Thailand. In November 1976, OIS staff held a workshop on Population Change and Culture that drew on the 1974 position paper to explore a new cultural-historical theory of population change.

Series II documents an ethnography of reproduction project that grew out of CFPP activities. In connection with the U.N. World Conference on International Women's Year, held June 19 - July 2, 1975, in Mexico City, staff reviewed the literature on the impact of economic development on women and sponsored a seminar on "Women in Development" at the conference. Based on the literature review, cultural anthropologist Priscilla Reining, a AAAS research associate, designed a project to explore the influence of modernization on family size. Reining studied women in Kenya, Mexico, and the Philippines. Her methodology included gathering life histories, surveys, participant observation, and social character analysis. The study resulted in the publication of Village Women, their changing lives and fertility (AAAS, 1977).

The CFPP project formally ended in 1977, but U.S. AID again contracted with AAAS OIS in 1978 to prepare ecological and socio-economic profiles of the rural poor in Tanzania and Kenya. Staff organized two workshops of social scientists chosen from the AAAS Consortium of Affiliates for International Programs to prepare the reports. Series III includes records on the profiles project as well as material collected from the May 31 - June 11, 1976, U. N. Conference on Human Settlements, held in Vancouver, British Columbia. OIS convened a two-day syposium on habitat at the February 1976 AAAS annual meeting held in Boston, the papers from which are gathered in The Many Facets of Human Settlements: Science and Society, edited by Irene Tinker and Mayra Buvinic (Pergamon Press, 1977).

Finally, Series IV provides materials on institutions concerned with population issues, topics related to research on population, and articles collected on population, fertility, and demography used by staff as background.

Arrangement

Files are organized into four series: Series I: Cultural Factors in Population Programs; Series II: Ethnography of Reproduction; Series III: Other projects; and Series IV: Institutions and background material.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Collection open to the public for research.

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Related Material

Records are related to other material from AAAS Office of International Science, particularly efforts to contribute to United Nations conferences during the 1970s as found in the AAAS Committee on Arid Lands and AAAS Science, Technology and Development records. CFPP records precede the AAAS Population, Resources and Environment Program.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Cultural Factors in Population Programs Records. AAAS Archives, Washington, DC.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I: Cultural Factors in Population Programs, 1973-1977
[BOX 1]
AAAS Commission on Population and Reproduction Control, 1969-1971
Cultural Factors in Population Programs, Field Trip Reports, 1973-1974
Cultural Factors in Population Programs, Position Paper Notes, 1974
Advisory Committee on Cultural Factors in Population Programs, 1974
  1974
  1974-1975
  Monograph, 1974-1975
  1976
Cultural Factors in Population
  contract with AID, 1973
  AID contract and correspondence, 1974-1977
  correspondence with AID, 1975
  AID contract, draft final report on grant, 1978
  Subcontract with Research Institute for the Study of Man, 1974
  Subcontract with Smithsonian Institution Center for the Study of Man, 1974
  Smithsonian subcontract, 1975
Population Change and Culture, draft, no date
Population Change and Culture, Appendix I draft, no date
Workshop on Population Change and Culture, Cremona Foundation, Maryland, 1976
AAAS Meeting Symposia, Tourism and Culture Change, Mexico City, 1974
AAAS Meeting Symposia, Population Studies: Techniques and Prospects for the Future, 1976
Culture and Population Bibliography, no date (3 Folders)
Rockefeller and Ford Foundations, Research Program on Population and Development Policy, 1975-1978
Reining, Priscilla, "Anthropology of Fertility," NAS, 1981 (2 Folders)
NAS Workshop, The Anthropology of Human Fertility, 1981
[BOX 2]
R1 - Irene Taeuber
R2 - Edouard Bone
R3 - Gordon Gibson
R4 - Philleo Nash; R5 - Lucy Cohen, cont'd
R5 - Lucy Cohen
R6 - Helen Codere; R7 - George Cowgill
R8 - Carol Stack; R9 - John Lombardi
R10 - Warren Ilchman; R11 - John Stanbury
R12 - Robert Hunt #1
R13 - Dorothea Leighton; Continuations of R12, 14, 16 (Robert Hunt, Wilbert Wils, Helen Codere)
R14 - Wilbert Wils; R15 - Myron Weiner
R16 - #1 Steven Polgar
R16 - #2 Steven Polgar; R17 John Gulick
R17, 18, 19 - John Gulick; Margaret Gulick; Joyce Cramer; George Myers
R20 - Dorothea Leighton; R21 - Ernestine Friedl
R21 - Ernestine Friedl, cont'd; R16 - Steven Polgar, cont'd
R22 - Sara Garfield; R23 - Michael Kenny
R23 - Michael Kenny; R24 - Jay Ingersoll; R25 - Paul White
R25 - Paul White, cont'd
R26 - Douglas Uberlake
R27 - Ellen Brown
R28 - Sol Tax [2 tapes]
R29 - Edward Bruner; R30- Ruth Lewis
R30 - Ruth Lewis; R31 - David Plath
R31 - David Plath
R32 - F. K. Lehman
R33 - Donald Bogue [2 Tapes]
R35 - Ruth McKay
R38 - Valerie Oppenheimer
R39 - Virginia Abernathy; R40 - Alan Sweezy
R46- J. Lawrence Angel
WS1 - Conrad Arensberg, 18 Jan. 1974
WS2 - Moni Nag; Samuel Wishik, 22 Jan. 1974
WS3 - Samuel Wishik #2; Susan Scrimshaw, 22 Jan. 1974
WS5 - Daniel Bates [2 tapes], 25 Jan. 1974
WS8 - Bette Denich; Susan Ross #1, 29 Jan. 1974
WS9 - May Ebihara; Susan Ross, 29 Jan. 1974
WS10 - Harry Shapiro; Burton Pasternak #1, 30 Jan. 1974
WS11 - Burton Pasternak #2, 30 Jan. 1974
WS12 - Robert Glasse, 31 Jan. 1974
WS13 - Robert Glasse to Joan Mencher, 31 Jan. 1974
WS14 - Eva Sandis, 1 Feb. 1974
WS16 - Napoleon Chagnon, 7 Feb. 1974
WS17 and WS18 - Gordon De Jong, 7 Feb. 1974 - 8 Feb. 1974
WS19 - William Sanders, 8 Feb. 1974
WS20 - Alan Mann; Solomon Katz, 12 Feb. 1974
WS21 - Richard Easterlin, 13 Feb. 1974
WS - Elizabeth Colson, Burton Benedict, Eugene Hammel, 25 Feb. 1974
WS - Eugene Hammel, 27 Feb. 1974
WS - Burton Benedict; George DeVos, 27 Feb. 1974
WS - Elizabeth Colson; David Mutchler; Thayer Scudder, 28 Feb. 1974
WS - George Foster, 2 March 1974
WS - Clifford Barnett [2 tapes], 4 March 1974
WS - David Mandelbaum, 3/6/74; Johannes Wilbert, 7 March 1974
WS - Johannes Wilbert; Thayer Scudder, 7 March 1974-8 March 1974
Nancy Howell [2 tapes]
Margaret Mead
Ronald Ridker
Anthro, Vera Rubin
[BOX 3]
M. K. Bennett
Brokensha-Kenya
Clippings
Ruth McKay
Percy Amendment
Urgent Anthropology
Culture and Population Change-Reprinting
New Culture and Population Change Recipients
Culture and Population Change Annotation
World Plan of Action
Culture and Population Change, 1974
Bohannan-Divorce, Questionnaire
George Washington University Lecture on Applied Anthropology, 9 December 1974
American University Lecture on Applied Anthropology, December 1974
Proposals re energy, small-scale technologies and cultural factors, 1974
[BOX 4]
Interview Reports-Alphabetical File
Correspondence with Interviewees
World Population Society
Research Institute for the Study of Man-TSP: Jamaica
Research Institute for the Study of Man-TSP: Philippines
Research Institute for the Study of Man-TSP: Thailand
Position Paper (Culture and Population Change)-Original Notes
[BOX 5]
Population Correspondence
Extra Bibliographies
Source Book
Monograph-Administrative
Population in Science
Population: Dynamics, Ethics and Policy: Dynamics-Post Publication
Population: Dynamics, Ethics and Policy, Publicity
Population: Dynamics, Ethics and Policy: Replies from Contributors
[BOX 6]
Report: Philippines II-Report on Economic and Fertility Decline, 1976
Report: Proceedings of Conference on International Migration from the Philippines, June 1974
Report: Philippines I-Sociocultural Context of Fertility Decline in a Developing City: Davao, Philippines, October 1976
Report: A Squatter Barrio in Davao City-Report from University of Colorado
Material on Philippines
[BOX 7]
William Cousins
Requests for References from Culture and Population Change
Population: Dynamics, Ethics and Policy
Advisory Committee on Cultural Factors in Population Change
Research Institute for the Study of Man-Country Progress Reports
Research Institute for the Study of Man-TSP: Columbia
Research Institute for the Study of Man-TSP: Korea
Swidler Interview Reports
Tinker Interview Reports
Interviewee Correspondence Lists
Interview Outline
Other Population Groups
Food and Population
Warren Swidler
Series II: Ethnography of Reproduction, 1974-1979
[BOX 8]
Budget-Ethnography of Reproduction
Advisory Committee-Ethnography of Reproduction
Ribbon Copy of Ethnography Report, September 18, 1975
Ribbon Copy of Ethnography Report, December 1975
Ethnography Report, June 30, 1976
Ethnography of Reproduction
  Indonesia
  Kenya
  Mexico
  Philippines
  Correspondence
NAS Population Seminar
[BOX 9]
Ethnography of Reproduction, Reining Notes, 1975
Ethnography of Reproduction Project, Kenya, 1976
Ethnography of Reproduction, Kenya, Village Women, correspondence, 1976
Reining, Priscilla, Ethnography of Reproduction Project, presentations, 1976
Village Women, correspondence, 1977
Reining, et. al., Village Women: Their changing lives and fertility, 1977
Kenya, Reining research
  life histories of women transcripts, no date
  Kin program data, 1977
  demographic data, no date
  demography and land, 1974
Correspondence re population, 1977
Correspondence re population, 1978-1979
Village Women, 1982
African Network of Institutions Engaged in Basic Research and Higher Education, UNESCO initiative, 1977
Trip Report, Reining to UNCOD Solar Energy Workshop, Tanzania, 1977
NAS Workshop on Solar Energy Utilization in Tanzania, 1977
NAS Workshop on Solar Energy Utilization in Tanzania, background materials, 1977
Series III: Other projects, 1976-1979
[BOX 9]
Kenya and Tanzania, contract with AID, 1978
OIS-CAIP Workshop, Ecological and Socio-Economic Profile of the Rural Poor in Kenya, 1979
OIS-CAIP Workshop, Ecological and Socio-Economic Profile of the Rural Poor in Tanzania, 1979
[BOX 10]
Kenya Report
  drafts, 1979
  background material, 1979
  original notes, 1979
  papers, 1978
  and Tanzania, drafts, 1978
  and Tanzania, background documents, 1978
  and Tanzania, correspondence, 1978
Tanzania Report
  drafts (I), 1979
  drafts (II), 1979
  master, 1979
  master, 1980
Tanzania, papers, 1979
Tanzania Report, background material, 1979
African Solar Energy Workshop, Atlanta, Georgia, 1979
African Solar Energy Workshop, Atlanta, materials, 1979
First International Rangeland Congress, Denver, Colorado, 1978
ODC Workshop, U.S. Government Policy on Third World Energy, Maryland, 1979
UNESCO, 14th Session for Commission for Africa, Rabat, Morocco, 1979 (3 Folders)
International Workshop on Energy Survey Methodologies for Developing Countries, 1980
[BOX 11]
Irene Tinker and Mayra Buvinic, The many facets of human settlements: Science and society, Pergamon Press, 1977
UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Urbanization in the Second United Nations Development Decade, 1970
Human Settlements: A Commonwealth Approach, UN Conference on Human Settlements, 1976
Habitat: United Nations Conference on Human Settlements, Global Review of Human Settlements, 1976
Human Settlements, The Role of the United Nations and the Specialized Agencies in Human Settlements, 1976
Canadian Urban Trends, National Perspective, Volume 1, 1976
Cyprus National Report for UN Conference on Human Settlements, 1976
Dubrovnik: An analysis of the Crisis in Human Settlements, A Habitat Special Report, 1975
Krul, W. F. J. M. , Environmental Health in the Netherlands, 1976
Rural Development in the Netherlands, no date
Housing in the Netherlands, no date
Special Housing Needs in the Netherlands, no date
The Rules of Physical Planning in the Netherlands, no date
International Centre for Local Credit, Contributions to human settlements by credit institutions for local authorities, no date
Ministry of the Presidency of Mexico, General Law on Human Settlements, 1976
Polish People's Republic National Repot to the UN Conference on Human Settlements, 1976
Warsaw - The City Which Refused to Die, 1976
The World Bank, Singapore Traffic Restraint Study, Rush-Hour, 1976
Trinidad and Tobago National Report for UN Conference on Human Settlements, 1976
You and Planning, Trinidad and Tobago, no date
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Horizons on Display: A Catalogue of Community Achievement, 1976
The City as an Urban Fact - The Case of Venezuela, no date
Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, Topical Problems of Development of Populated Areas, 1976
Ekistics: The Problems and Science of Human Settlements, [select issues] 1975-1976
Habitat, The Vincent Massey Awards for Excellence in the Urban Environment, 1975
Gojman, S., Atraccion Interpersonal, 1973
Leman, Alexander B. and Ingrid A., Great Lakes Megalopolis: From civilization to ecumenization, 1975
Muller, F., Trapman, J. and Foque, R., Inhabiting a Finite but Equitable World, 1976
Series IV: Institutions and background materials, 1973-1985
[BOX 12]
AID Centre for Population Activities, Fertility, 1981
Bostid, Population and Nutrition, 1980
Center for Population Studies, Feasibility Studies, 1984 (2 Folders)
International Conference on Population, 1984
International Geosphere-Biosphere Program
National Research Council, Panel on Decennial Census Plans, Meeting, 1978
NRC, Panel on Decennial Census Plans, Meeting, 1978
NRC, Panel on Decennial Census Plans, Memos and material, 1978
NRC, Panel on Decennial Census Plans, Background info, 1978 (2 Folders)
National Research Council, Population Growth, 1986
Overseas Development Council
Population Council, Annual Report, 1981
Resources for the Future
UN Economic and Social Council, 1980-1981
UN Fund for Population Activities, Meeting, 1984
U.S. College and University Programs in Environmental Studies, 1983
U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Science and Technology, National Science Foundation Authorization Hearing, 1981
U.S. House of Representatives, Subcommittee on Census and Population, Demographic Trends in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1986
World Bank, Limits to Growth, 1972
World Fertility Survey Conference, London, 1980
World Resources Institute
[BOX 13]
Abortion, U.S.
Anthropological theories re population
Background materials on population, 1983-1984
Child-spacing tradition
Current Sociology: The Sociology of Human Fertility, 1961-1962
Data quality
Documents on world fertility patterns, 1978-1980
Environment, change, and population, 1980
Fertility
Fertility and household economy
Indicators and "the system", 1979-1980
Materials related to natural fertility, 1971-1981
Materials on population, ecology, and land use, 1980-1982
Modernization and childlessness in the state of Mexico, 1985
Natural family planning, 1985
Nomadic Peoples journal, 1980-1982
Nomadic Peoples journal, 1984-1985
Pastoralism, 1980-1983
Population and census info
Population and policy
Research priorities
Variables
[BOX 14]
Articles on population, Authors A-E
[BOX 15]
Articles on population, Authors F-L
[BOX 16]
Articles on population, Authors M-Sh
[BOX 17]
Articles on population, Authors Sh-Z
Abbott and Weisner, 1975
Barlett, P. article, 1974
Benedick, R. article, 1981
Davis and Blake article, no date
Dumond, D. article, 1965
Easterlin, R. article, 1973
Gibson, G. article, 1977
Gilbert and Hamel article, 1966
Goodenough, Ward H. article, 1981
Green, E. article, 1980
Hammel, McDaniel, and Wachter article, 1980
Huss-Ashmore, R. article, 1980
Knodel, J. article, 1977
Lancaster, Chet S. article, 1981
McNamara, Robert S. article, 1984
Montgomery, Bennett, and Scudder article, 1973
Nardi, B. article, 1980
Planet, Bucharest article, 1975
Scrimshaw and Pelto article, 1979
Singh and Platridis article, 1980
Spooner, B. article, 1978
Taueber, I. article, 1974
Teitelbaum, M. article, 1975
Temkin-Greener and Swedlund article, 1978